By Bernd Kortmann (ed.), Tanja Herrmann (ed.), Lukas Pietsch (ed.), Susanne Wagner (ed.)
This quantity deals qualitative in addition to corpus-based quantitative stories on 3 domain names of grammatical version within the British Isles. All reviews draw seriously at the Freiburg English Dialect Corpus (FRED), a automatic corpus for predominantly British English dialects comprising a few 2.5 million phrases. along with an account of FRED and the benefits which a functional-typological framework deals for the research of dialect grammar, the quantity contains the subsequent 3 great studies.
Tanja Herrmann's examine is the 1st systematic cross-regional learn of relativization thoughts for Scotland, Northern eire, and 4 significant dialect components in England. In her study layout Hermann has integrated a few concerns an important in typological learn on relative clauses, certainly the Noun word Accessibility Hierarchy. Lukas Pietsch investigates the so-called Northern topic Rule, a different contract phenomenon identified from Northern England, Scotland and northern eire. His examine is based mostly at the Northern eire Transcribed Corpus of Speech, but additionally at the FRED and SED facts (Survey of English Dialects) for the North of britain. Susanne Wagner is worried with the phenomenon of pronominal gender, focussing particularly at the typologically relatively distinct semantic gender method within the dialects of Southwest England.
This quantity should be of curiosity to dialectologists, sociolinguists, typologists, ancient linguists, grammarians, and an individual drawn to the constitution of spontaneous spoken English.
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Extra resources for A Comparative Grammar of British English Dialects, Volume 1: Agreement, Gender, Relative Clauses
Finally, with regard to the highly marked use of whom and whose in our data (as few as four and three instances out of a total of 2512 relative clauses) it may be noted that whom seems to prefer nonrestrictive environments, while whose seems to follow the general trend in preferring restrictive environments. 6. Personality/nonpersonality With regard to the personality/nonpersonality variable, the six regions show the following behavior: Table 3. 0 All six dialects conform to Standard English in restricting who and its casemarked forms whom and whose to personal antecedents.
5, that occurs only once as a second choice in Norfolk. In all probability, at is no separate relative marker in East Anglia but a weakened form of that, whose initial th- was dropped, which is an occasional phonological feature there (cf. also Poussa 1996: 529; Peitsara 2002: 169). When looking at Map S9 in Appendix 2, the predominance of who in East Anglia (and surroundings, as well as the entire South) becomes evident. That is conspicuously rare in all England (although at is frequent in the north).
Table 2. 8% of all instances of that appear in nonrestrictive relative clauses. Below, examples (2a–c) illustrate nonrestrictive zero relative clauses; examples (2d–f) illustrate nonrestrictive that relative clauses: (2) a. b. c. d. e. f. there was Mr M. and B. W. from K. [ came round buying horses]. (CNO FRED Wes_015) Yes she had her aunt [ was a widow there at the time [when she came to