By Friedrich Nietzsche
R. J. Hollingdale’s choice constructions Nietzsche’s writings in line with subject to offer the fullest attainable feel of the intensity and scope of this notable writer.
The literary profession of Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) spanned below two decades, yet no sector of highbrow inquiry was once left untouched by way of his iconoclastic genius. The thinker who introduced the dying of God within the homosexual technology (1882) and went directly to problem the Christian code of morality in past sturdy and Evil (1886), grappled with the elemental problems with the human in his personal extreme autobiography, Ecce Homo (1888). such a lot infamous of all, probably, his inspiration of the triumphantly transgressive übermann (‘superman’) is built within the severe, but poetic phrases of hence Spake Zarathustra (1883–92). even if addressing traditional Western philosophy or breaking new flooring, Nietzsche drastically prolonged the limits of nineteenth-century suggestion.
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Extra info for A Nietzsche Reader
This requires treating it as a person or organism. Because the universe contains persons, this does not mean that it itself is a person or person-like. Prima facie, this is also a weakness with the analogy that we looked at earlier (page 33). We compared evolutionary changes in the biosphere to human behavior or action, in order to argue that the sufficiency of mechanical explanations and the existence of purpose are not mutually exclusive. The analogy is weak because it depends on the universe having person or organism-like qualities.
That is fair enough. But we can retain that idea and avoid the exclusivity of 1) with: 1*) X has meaning if and only if X serves a goal that is either meaningful or otherwise valuable. ' Most typically - though not always - functions as a request for the goals worth seeking in life, though sometimes it may serve to ask if there are any goals worth seeking in life. (Klemke, p. 180) Nielson argues for this conclusion by comparing the question about the meaning of life with the meaning of a piece of non-linguistic behavior, such as a frown or some angry looks.
For this discussion, the recent advent of statistical laws in physics can be regarded as a form of mechanical explanation. Darwin's theory of evolution apparently shows how biological phenomena are explicable within this mechanistic view of explanation. Consequently, 27 Is There a Plan? it rules out the need for explanation by citing design and purposes and, thereby, apparently contradicts the claim that the universe develops according to some plan or end. To be clear: the topic under discussion does not include the claim that people and some animals have purposes.