Download A Reference Grammar of Tamazight: a comparative study of the by Ernest T. Abdel-Massih PDF

By Ernest T. Abdel-Massih

This quantity has seven sections that care for phonology, the numerical approach, pronominal structures, the noun, debris, the verb, and sentences. it really is designed for use with "A path in Spoken Tamazight" (Ernest T. Abdel-Massih).

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Additional resources for A Reference Grammar of Tamazight: a comparative study of the Berber dialects of Ayt Ayache and Ayt Seghrouchen

Sample text

1. a-L3 -V L0 kJr:1 I C. s. (rn/f) I nvariable Examples: hdaevs war:yal 11 rials hdas ntfanast11cw ts~ta w~a~yal19 rials tsqbta's ntfhnast 19 cows D. s. (m/f) :I invariable Examples: st:a wrin 1:qil 26 boys tmanya utlatin ntad:art 38 houses tsq my:a uxmsa usbqin l:eil 975 boys alf ust:a ust:in ntad:art 1066 houses Remarks: (1) The apocopated series / tlt, rbc, xms, st:, sb', tmn, ts/ is used in the following constructs: sbq snin 7 years rbq my:a 400 sbe alaf 7,000 tlt mlayn 3,000,000 (2) The numerals 11-19 have two forms.

They are prononounced the same as English /k/ and /g/. S. S. Examples: ik:r ang:aru he stood up the last * 19 * * Reference Grammar Tamazight Phonology Additional Notes on the Phonology of Ayt Seghrouchen The following phonological features are characteristic of Ayt Seghrouchen. e. pronouncing /-lt-/ producing friction with air escaping at both sides of the tongue. This, however, occurs in few words. Examples: ultma xalti altu sister my maternal aunt not yet I I I I I 1 I I I I U I I I I (b) Following a tense /k:/ or /g:/, the vowel /u/ has a centralized allophone [u].

23 & ,# & m I . - . '- Tamazight NT I I m 4 -r 1 On I Cz -ir -cz t-. L . lL A. j. C i'. L GIjLAAL. 1. a-L3 -V L0 kJr:1 I C. s. (rn/f) I nvariable Examples: hdaevs war:yal 11 rials hdas ntfanast11cw ts~ta w~a~yal19 rials tsqbta's ntfhnast 19 cows D. s. (m/f) :I invariable Examples: st:a wrin 1:qil 26 boys tmanya utlatin ntad:art 38 houses tsq my:a uxmsa usbqin l:eil 975 boys alf ust:a ust:in ntad:art 1066 houses Remarks: (1) The apocopated series / tlt, rbc, xms, st:, sb', tmn, ts/ is used in the following constructs: sbq snin 7 years rbq my:a 400 sbe alaf 7,000 tlt mlayn 3,000,000 (2) The numerals 11-19 have two forms.

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