By Tiffany K. Wayne Ph.D.
A accomplished exam of yankee ladies scientists around the sciences in the course of the twentieth century, delivering a wealthy historic context for knowing their achievements and how they replaced the perform of science.
500 alphabetically geared up entries on American ladies scientists within the twentieth century, together with genetics pioneers Barbara McClintock and Rosalind Franklin, Scotchgard inventor Patsy Sherman, and developer of the observe processor Evelyn Berezin.
50 short essays on girls in particular medical disciplines, exploring how each one particular box handled gender issues
10 essays on sociocultural concerns, together with gender in well known technological know-how, women in medical schooling, balancing profession and family)
Chronologies of significant old advancements, expert awards, and medical "firsts"
Extensive bibliography of reference and different works pointed out within the entries in addition to up to date bibliography of scholarly books, articles, and internet sites with regards to particular concerns in women's technological know-how schooling and employment
Indexes prepared through topic, key note, and clinical discipline
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Additional info for American Women of Science since 1900 2 volumes
Two cultures,” which was epitomized in the Western European and American traditions with the late-eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century 13 14 American Women of Science since 1900 split between the private realm of the family and the public world of work. The scientiﬁc revolution of the Enlightenment paved the way for the professionalization of science and the exclusion of women from higher education and the professions for another century. Besides institutional barriers, women have long faced social pressures and expectations as to which employments are suitable for women; historically, science has not been one of those professions.
Researchers have found that men tend to be more object-oriented and women more language-oriented, but while men and women might use different parts of their brains to problem solve, they are capable of arriving at the same conclusions. Most researchers admit that it is difﬁcult to separate speciﬁc skill sets (based on test results or problemsolving techniques) from education and socialization. For example, if differences between boys’ and girls’ math test scores do not appear until high school, are boys’ higher scores explained by innate ability at this higher level, or by compounded negative messages girls have received about their math ability?
National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Earned Doctorates, 1999 2006. pdf. National Science Foundation. “Table H-7. ” Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering. National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT). pdf. 7 8 American Women of Science since 1900 National Science Foundation. “Table H-25. ” Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering.